“Compared to traditional classroom learning, the concept of JIT learning is more closely associated with informal, learner-driven knowledge acquisition and use. […] JIT learning is viewed as a dynamic and adaptive approach to learning where sta ndards and outcomes are not controlled or contrived by designers, but are considered fundamentally user centered, user designed, and user managed”
BRANDENBURG, D. C., & ELLINGER, A. D. (2003). THE FUTURE: JUST-IN-TIME LEARNING EXPECTATIONS AND POTENTIAL IMPLICATIONS FOR HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT. ADVANCES IN DEVELOPING HUMAN RESOURCES, 5(3), 308-320
In the field of civil protection Just-In-Time Training is delive red to first responder to allow for the rapid acquisition of specific skills or knowledge when the immediate need arises. In a sudden onset disaster, Just-In-Time Training is normally delivered immediately before the deployment of first responders to issue a ssignments and equipment necessary for their role in the incident. It generall y includes instructions on the operational procedures, safety and security training and information specific to the type and magnitude of the incident. This technique proved to be useful both to refresh responders on standard operating procedures that will b e utilised during the response, clinical information and to provide technical guidanc e to operate equipment or other aspects specific to the first responders team. A wi de range of education methodologies and tools can be used to deliver just-in-tim e training, including
face-to-face didactic, job specific hand-outs with reminder acti on cards, videos, highfidelity simulation, table-top or Virtual Reality exercises. Whi le JITT have been widely and successfully delivered to first responders in the past did t he dynamics that unfolded during recent events, in particular the COVID-19 pandemic, help to identify new challenges and reflect on how to best apply the concept in the future.
The experiences from the following three examples formed the starting point of the webinar with the aim to provide a State-of-the-Art overview of the field while discussing potential approaches and improvements for future events:
MEDICAL JUST-IN-TIME TRAINING IN THE COVID-19 CRISIS. A concrete example from a tertiary referral hospital in Northern Italy
FLOODS JUST-IN-TIME TRAINING OF VOLUNTEERS. Learnings from past and recent incidents
CBRN JUST-IN-TIME ONLINE TRAINING. How to maintain response in a time of crisis by taking face to face training on-line