International Exchange of Experts (EoE Forest) on Rural Economy Devlopment to Support and Increase Landscapes and Forests Resilience in Central Sardinia

By Pau Costa Foundation

25 March 2019
Sustainable Forest Management

During thousands of years, Sardinia, as other Mediterranean regions, developed a socioecological mosaic landscape composed by agriculture, forest and shrublands. Nowadays, the idea of mosaic is still considered as one of the best infraestructures to mitigate the impact of natural hazards, such as wildifres, pests and flooding. However, in the last 60 years, the migrations due to industrialization from rural to urban areas, caused a devaluation of rural economies and led to rural abandonment. The impacts of this abandonment are still very visible in the land, thus dense forest and shrublands now occupy the traditionally managed landscapes. These unmanaged lands generate a much higher risk, e.g. of large wildfires, for rural communities and also for urban population living wildland urban interfaces under highly vulnerable conditions.

Understanding the way societies need to co-exist with natural risks, enhancing risk mitigation form a bottom-up approach, encouraging actions done by local communities and discussing the best way to apply traditional land management, are key actions needed in order to improve risk management. To succeed, all these actions shall be linked to a sustainable economic model that is not only based in the economic values, but a model that includes other values contributing to build resilient landscapes and societies. 

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Climate change and wildfire risk
Perception, culture of risk and communication
Prescribed burning