2019 Wildfire Conference. Adressing the Challenges of Bushfire Management
Presentations Notes 2019: DAY 1 (Day 2 - Wednesday Nov. 13th, 2019).
Aftermath of WUI fires in Europe: problem‐oriented research for structures protection.
Elsa Pastor (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya)
Europe has many Wildland-Urban-Interface (WUI) developments vulnerable to fire, located both in Mediterranean countries and in emergent fire-prone areas in northern latitudes. In the near future, self-protection capability of communities facing WUI fires has to increase, becoming the first priority over fire-fighting and involving better-prepared WUI scenarios grounded on scientific-based legislation.
In this communication, we present a synthetized summary of lessons learnt after analysing recent WUI fires in Europe. We focus on factors, processes and consequences responsible of fire damage at home-owner scale. Based on observed problems and vulnerabilities, we outline an inventory of pattern scenarios, formulating research questions associated to each identified case. These situations are posed to be studied following well-established fire protection engineering tools and methodologies, mainly grounded on physical modelling through CFD-based (Computational Fluid Dynamics) software. The analysis of such problems will serve to develop scientific-based answers and explanations to empirical interpretations and assumptions and to provide knowledge that should lead to better informed policy-making processes.