Fire Scenarios in Spain: A Territorial Approach to

By crismont_260 on

Abstract: Humans and fire form a coupled and co-evolving natural-human system in

Mediterranean-climate ecosystems. In this context, recent trends in landscape change, such as

urban sprawl or the abandoning of agricultural and forest land management in line with new models

of economic development and lifestyles, are leading to new fire scenarios. A fire scenario refers to

the contextual factors of a fire regime, i.e., the environmental, socio-economic and policy drivers

of wildfire initiation and propagation on different spatial and temporal scales. This is basically

a landscape concept linking territorial dynamics (related to ecosystem evolution and settlement

patterns) with a fire regime (ignition causes; spread patterns; fire frequency, severity, extent and

seasonality). The aim of this article is to identify and characterize these land-based fire scenarios in

Spain on a national and regional scale, using a GIS-based methodology to perform a spatial analysis

of the area attributes of homogenous fire spread patterns. To do this, the main variables considered

are: land use/land cover, fuel load and recent fire history. The final objective is to reduce territorial

vulnerability to forest wildfires and facilitate the adaptation of fire policies and land management

systems to current challenges of preparedness and uncertainty management.

Login or register to download this file