September 7th, 2021, 4 pm Central European Time (September 7th, 2021, 10 am EST)
Title: Fighting Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Fires in Italy: Role of Simulation Tools
Dr. Emanuele Gissi, Corpo nazionale dei Vigili del Fuoco (National Fire and Rescue Service), Italy
ABSTRACT According to national statistics, one third of the Italian territory is forested. Between 1990 and 2010, Italy increased its forest cover by 20% mainly due to rural abandonment. Population density is higher than that of most Western European countries and the distribution of the population is widely uneven. Many Italian cities and towns have large wildland-urban interfaces that, if not appropriately managed, represent an increased risk for the affected communities. These days our organization is carrying out hundreds of interventions in all parts of Italy to tackle WUI fires. This presentation intends to offer an informal insight to researchers on the practical needs of those in first line against wildfires. First the Italian national wildfire firefighting approach and organization is introduced. Then the focus will shift on the need for wildfire simulation tools for engineering practice in protecting WUI communities and firefighting management for complex wildfires. In conclusion, a quick overview of qgis2fds and BlenderFDS, two open-source fire simulation preprocessing tools contributed by the Italian firefighters, is given.
BIO Dr. Emanuele Gissi is serving as fire chief of the Fire Brigade of Savona, the provincial branch of the Italian Fire and Rescue Service. His tasks include emergency management at national/international incidents, fire safety enforcement for civil and industrial activities, and regulation writing. He is a mechanical engineer and PhD in technical physics, collaborating in several research and development projects for CFD fire simulation in buildings and wildland with NIST and CERN labs. He is the main developer of several open-source tools for fire simulation with the NIST Fire Dynamics Simulator. His professional activity is mainly devoted to bridging the gap between research advancements and their practical application in fire safety engineering practice and firefighting.