Title: Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Fires in Israel and the Role of Social Interactions during Evacuation Ido Marom, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
November 9th, 2021, 4 pm IST (November 9th, 2021, 9 am EST)
ABSTRACT While similarly to other countries in the Mediterranean Basin forest and WUI fires occur in Israel on a yearly basis, the affect of the increased in drought periods on the occurrence of wildfires has yet to be determined. Recently, large fires with severe results occurred in 2010 (with 44 fatalities), 2016, and most recently 2021. The two main WUI fire prone areas in Israel, Mount Carmel near Haifa and Jerusalem Hills, are of relative proximity to one another yet they are distinct in their meteorological conditions. The November 24th 2016 Haifa fire, covering 120 ha, was unique in Israel by raging through the urban parts of the city of Haifa, leading to the evacuation of some 60,000 residences. A study of travel diary survey, distributed post event, identifies characteristics of travel patterns during the day. Interpersonal interactions and their role within the evacuation process are studied through examination of the intermediate stops individuals make prior to evacuation. Most prominently are findings related to the household task of visiting home before evacuating, gathering and waiting before making evacuation decisions and having a wide social sphere participating in child pick-up tasks.
Ido Marom received his B.Sc. degrees (B.Sc. in physics and B.Sc.Ed physics cum laude), and M.S. degrees from the Technion - Israel Institute of Technology. His M.S. degree in transportation sciences received the faculty excellence award for thesis research. In between his studies, he also served for five years in the Israeli Navy, rising to the rank of Senior Academic Officer, Deputy Chief of Meteorology Division. He currently works for the Ramat-Gan Municipality as a transportation planner